During the 2015 Canadian federal election campaign, Liberal leader Justin Trudeau, now Prime Minister, promised to borrow money (at interest) to pay for $60 billion in new infrastructure investments, as opposed to the NDP’s plan to balance the budget in their first year.
It was, and remains, a false frame of having to stay in a deficit and grow the debt by borrowing at interest for infrastructure investments when the government of Canada, all its provinces, and its municipalities, have the statutory authorization under the Bank of Canada Act to borrow money, effectively, or, in actuality, interest-free.
For instance, money can be borrowed effectively interest-free when the Bank of Canada issues bonds that are held by the government, and when it buys its own bonds, as the government of Canada is the sole shareholder of the bank, and all profits, after expenses, will go back to the government.
But even better, the federal government can borrow money, interest-free, by requesting interest-free money, to borrow for infrastructure investments today.
So, despite Trudeau seemingly one-upping the NDP in saying that he would invest in critical infrastructure by borrowing today, as opposed to putting off such investments in favour of immediately balancing the budget, he bought into the typical false frame that we have to borrow the money at interest as opposed to borrowing it interest-free.