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Posts Tagged ‘United States Congress’

English: Sen. Barack Obama speaks to service m...

Thomas.lov.gov shows that the indefinite military detention bill (HR 1540) was presented to President Obama on December 21, 2011.

Article I Section 7 of the U.S. Constitution states, in part:

If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

So unless Obama signs it by January 2, 2012, it will die, since Congress is in adjournment.

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A small-sized 1953 $2 note, displaying the sma...

Monetary reform activist, Kirk Mackenzie, was on Radio Liberty with Dr. Stan Monteith on August 17, 2011, and outlined a temporary transition period toward a free-market monetary system that involves the federal government issuing debt-free and interest-free currency over 10 years to make up for the intentional contraction of the money supply that would ensue by the banksters resisting true monetary reform, as history indicates with President Andrew Jackson’s war on the Second Bank of the United States.

He was asked about inflation under such a scenario, and it’s important to outline the historical experience with Greenbacks that goes almost completely unreported these days, and how he is right about it being a model where inflation shouldn’t present much of a problem, if at all.

From Sarah Emery’s 1894 book, Seven Financial Conspiracies, she points out how the first $60 million in Greenbacks, a large sum in 1861-62, traded at par with gold, and it wasn’t overprinting that resulted in their decline, but it was two banker-engineered actions in Congress that did so.

First, with the inclusion of the exception clause, which said that the Greenbacks were no longer valid for payment of duties on imports and interest on the public debt, back when duties on imports accounted for a substantial portion of government revenue, unlike today.

Then, the so-called Credit Strengthening Act was passed, which further depressed the value of the Greenbacks, in requiring payment in gold for the interest on particular long-term Treasury bonds, which created an artificial demand for gold.

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Painting, 1856, by Junius Brutus Stearns, Wash...

There are a lot of different things said about what the U.S. Constitution mandates regarding the monetary system, and to clarify, here is my analysis:

  • Congress has the sole public power to strike coins from any metal. The proof that it isn’t limited to gold and silver is the plain language, “coin money,” and the first Coinage Act of 1792, which provided for the coining of bronze coins as well as gold and silver.
  • Exercise of that power is optional, just as is their power to declare war.
  • Congress does not have the power to create any non coin-based money, based on an originalist interpretation of the Constitution and a strict interpretation of its enumerated power to coin money and the 10th Amendment.
  • Individuals and non-corporate associations of individuals retain the right to mint coins or issue paper currency, as per the 9th Amendment, so long as there is no counterfeiting.
  • States have the option of enacting legal tender laws, and if they do, gold and silver must be made legal tender in payment of debts.
  • People and even businesses are allowed to accept payment for goods and services in something other than gold and silver, regardless of legal tender laws, because of the distinction between payment for goods and services and payment of debts.
  • States are prohibited from issuing “bills of credit,” which specifically refers to paper currency. Due to the Tenth Amendment, the States retain powers not delegated to Congress, and, therefore, they have the power to issue credit that isn’t backed by anything, so long as there is no paper currency associated with it.

For my other writings about a constitutional monetary system, see The U.S. Constitution doesn’t say money should be gold or silver coin, and The Constitution doesn’t insist on a gold or silver-backed currency.

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Official presidential portrait of Barack Obama...

It has been noted that Friday, May 20, 2011, marked 60 days since the initiation of U.S. hostilities against Libya.

The War Powers Resolution of 1973 prohibits U.S. armed forces from continuing hostilities for more than 60 days, with a 30 day withdrawal period, unless there is statutory Congressional authorization, or a formal constitutional Congressional declaration of war.

However, the War Powers Resolution and its timetable are a completely false diversion in this case.

The only situation in which an offensive military operation without prior Congressional authorization is valid under the Resolution is, “a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces.

Since the United States wasn’t attacked by Libya, the War Powers Resolution doesn’t apply, and, therefore, the imposition of a no-fly zone (an act of war) was unlawful to begin with, and the talk of the 30-day withdrawal deadline is a red herring.

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The United States Capitol

The most powerful branch of government

It’s no wonder the U.S. government isn’t functioning the way its founders intended it to, when the White House falsely claims it’s co-equal with the other two branches of government:

To ensure that no person or group would amass too much power, the founders established a government in which the powers to create, implement, and adjudicate laws were separated. Each branch of government is balanced by powers in the other two coequal branches

The three branches of the United States government (legislative, executive, judicial) are not co-equal, and that is because the more numerous and greater powers were delegated to the legislative branch of government, which are vested in Congress.

Among Congress’ sole powers, found in Article I of the Constitution, which show its primacy over the other two branches, are to:

  • Impeach and remove from office, every officer of the judicial branch and executive branch, including the President, for high crimes and misdemeanors.
  • Raise revenue and pay for all expenditures of government from the Treasury (known as “the power of the purse.”)
  • Declare war, and provide for the calling forth of the militia into the service of the United States, at which point the President then becomes its Commander-In-Chief.
  • Override the veto of the President with a two-thirds majority of both Houses.
  • Confirm all executive and judicial officers of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
  • Ratify all treaties with the advice and consent of a two-thirds majority of Senators.
  • Create all inferior courts to the Supreme Court, including abolishing them entirely.
  • Pass legislation with the stipulation that the Supreme Court can’t review it, so long as it doesn’t have original jurisdiction.
  • Choose the President and Vice-President in exceptional circumstances.
  • Propose amendments to the Constitution with a two-thirds majority of both Houses, without the consent of the President or the courts.

Above all three branches of government are the people — the source of the powers granted to the three branches of government by the Constitution.

The legislative branch is supposed to be closest to the people, and that is why it was made the most powerful branch of government, and to the extent the American people recognize that, and insist it be returned to its proper place, the sooner America will be poised to return to its founding principles that made it a shining beacon for the rest of the world.

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Official portrait of United States Secretary o...

Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner, aka Tiny Tim TurboTax Made Me Do it, threatened the American people on the April 17, 2011 episode of Meet the Press.

The office of Treasury Secretary is no stranger to threats. Geithner’s precedessor, Hank Paulson, threatened some members of Congress with martial law in America, as Congressman Brad Sherman told fellow Representatives from the floor of the House.

Geithner said (emphasis mine):

Let me tell you how we’re going to do this. Congress is going to have to raise the debt limit. They understand that. That’s absolutely essential to preserve the creditworthiness of the United States of America. You know, we’re a country that meets its obligations, and we have to meet our obligations, and they recognize that. I heard–in fact, I heard the leadership tell the president that again on Wednesday.

A country that meets its obligations, except for when it didn’t, like ending the domestic gold standard in 1933, and the gold exchange standard in 1971.

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Guantanamo Jumpsuit Detainees

It is widely believed that Congress’ prohibition against transferring Guantanimo detainees has indefinitely tied President Obama’s hands in keeping his 2008 election promise to close down Guantanimo and try its detainees in federal courts on U.S. soil.

However, in the first segment of the April 15th episode of Culture Shocks, a representative from the ACLU stated how the prohibition only applies to spending from the Defense Department’s budget, and only until the end of the current fiscal year — September 30, 2011.

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